Postmortem Vitreous Humor Analysis for Xenobiotics and their Metabolites

Marcin Łukasik
Faculty of Applied Toxicology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Anna Małkowska
Faculty of Applied Toxicology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Paulina Anna Cieślak
Faculty of Applied Toxicology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Ireneusz Sołtyszewski
Department of Criminalistics and Forensic Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland. Corresponding author: e-mail: ireneusz.soltyszewski@uwm.edu.pl
Mirosław Szutowski
Faculty of Applied Toxicology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

Law and Forensic Science, Volume 15 (2018/1).

Submitted: September 14, 2017.

The authors declare there is no conflict of interest.


Abstract: This article discusses the current state of knowledge on quantifying xenobiotics and their metabolites in vitreous humor as part of postmortem toxicological analysis. The evaluated compounds included: opiates and their metabolites, cocaine and its metabolites, amphetamine and its metabolites, cannabinoids, phencyclidine, benzodiazepines, and ethyl alcohol and biomarkers of its abuse.

Keywords: vitreous humor, detection, quantification, xenobiotics Continue reading “Postmortem Vitreous Humor Analysis for Xenobiotics and their Metabolites”